What is IBD?

What on earth are you talking about… IBD what is that?

 

IBD – Inflammatory Bowel Disease

  • Ongoing inflammation of all or part of the digestive tract.
  • Chronic, incurable digestive disease
  • IBD attacks your guts
  • Not a single disease but rather is related to two distinct diseases; Ulcerated Colitis and Crohn’s Disease
  • Symptoms include: stomach pain, change in bowel movements, fever, tiredness, weight loss, night sweats, decreased appetite. IBD can play out quite differently for different people. Family history has a large influence
  • Symptoms can come and go over a long period of time, when severe inflammation flares up
  • Best to be self aware when eating food and stay hydrated

 

Crohn’s Disease

  • A chronic inflammatory bowel disease that affects the lining of the digestive tract.
  • It affects the entire digestive system.
  • Inflammation can extend right through the thickness of the bowel wall.

 

Ulcerated Colitis

  • A chronic, inflammatory bowel disease that causes inflammation in the digestive tract.
  • It only affects the colon / large intestine and only involves the inner lining of the bowel.
  • Severe ulcers block the digestive track breaking the walls creating infection = absess. This can spread to the outer body = fistula

Ulcerated Colitis

 

Fistula

Abnormal tract from internal to skin. EG:

fistula

 

Bowel Perforation

Intestinal contents entering the abdominal cavity – high risk leading to death if not caught.

IBDFigure1

Ileal-anal pouch (J pouch)

Surgically constructed internal reservoir

 

Ileostomy Bag / Stoma

Surgically created opening where the Ileostomy bag collects internal waste

ileostomyIllustration